Cerebral palsy is the term for a range of movement difficulties which are caused when the parts of the brain which control such movements do not work properly. It is the commonest cause of significant physical impairment in children.
Because it is due to the brain being malformed or injured, there are often associated difficulties of vision, hearing, intellect, communication and feeding. The condition may affect the subjective wellbeing of children and their ability to participate fully in life.
Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a group of disorders;
- it involves a disorder of movement and posture and of motor function;
- it is permanent but not unchanging;
- it is due to a non-progressive interference/lesion/abnormality;
- this interference/lesion/abnormality is in the developing/immature brain.
CP is the commonest cause of physical disability in early childhood.
Overall, the CP rate is between 2 and 3 per 1000 live births.
This rate increases to 40 –100 per 1000 live births among babies born very early or with very low birth weight.